Reclamation of post-mining sites in Lusatia

New landscapeReclamation area in Schlabendorf-SüdBiological soil crusts in inital ecosystemsEcophysiology of Robinia pseudoacacia in post-mining sitesLignite open-cast mine near CottbusReclamation

  • Ecosystem manipulation and restoration on the basis of long-term conceptions
reclamation (4)

Ecosystems are affected by anthopogenic activities at a global level and, thus, are manipulated world-wide. This chapter addresses the impacts of apparent and non-apparent manipulations and restoration by human activities in Europe with a focus on the temperate zone. Agricultural management practices induced evident site-specific modification of natural ecosystem structures and functions whereas forests and natural grasslands and also aquatic systems are considered as being less manipulated. Ecosystems such as mires, northern wetlands and the tundra, have received attention due to their vulnerability for conserving carbon and biodiversity and for identifying the role of non-apparent manipulations on ecosystem functioning. Drastic types of ecosystem manipulation include open-cast mining activities that occur worldwide and induce perturbation of large areas across landscapes. Such harsh human impacts create the need for remediation and restoration measures for mining regions that address classical food and fodder services and also nature conservation and novel social benefits. Recultivation therefore offers the opportunity to introduce new land-use types and to study processes of initial ecosystem development that are still poorly understood.

Dilly, O., Nii-Annang, S., Schrautzer, J., Breuer, V., Pfeiffer, E.-M., Gerwin, W., Schaaf, W., Freese, D., Veste, M., Hüttl, R.F. In: Müller, F.; Baessler, C.; Schubert, H.; Klotz, S. (eds.), Long-Term Ecological Research Between Theory and Application, Springer Science+Business Media, Amsterdam, pp. 411-428, 2011. (more…)

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